The sites on Trail of Tears National Historic Trail, stretching 5,043 miles across nine states, together form a journey of compassion and understanding. In 1838, the United States government deported more than 16,000 Cherokee Indian people from their homeland in Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Georgia, and sent them to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). In 1838 U.S. Army troops under General Winfield Scott's command rounded up Cherokee people and moved them to forts in North Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee, prior to their removal west. The Trail of Tears was a series of forced relocations of approximately 46,000 Native Americans between 1830 and 1850 by the United States government. Trail of Tears Map Depicts the routes taken by each of the five civilized tribes. These routes are part of the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail. John Benge's Route of the Cherokee Trail of Tears in Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, Arkansas and Oklahoma, 1838-1839 John Benge led one detachment of approximately 1100 Cherokee with 60 wagons and 600 horses that left from Alabama on . 31 forts were built for this purpose on the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail. Miners swarmed into the mountains and encroached on the lands of the Cherokee.In my books, The Gemstone Chronicles series, I referenced the gold rush, the displacement of the Cherokee, and one of the legends regarding the origin of staurolite Fairy Crosses – the Trail of Tears. The Trail of Tears Association (TOTA) is a non-profit, membership organization formed to support the creation, development, and interpretation of the Trail of Tears National Historic Trail. Agency professionals who had prepared the feasibility study (that preceded this designation) recognized that many key aspects of the trail's history were not well known. . I mentioned in a previous post that gold was discovered in 1828 in the North Georgia Mountains. Georgia claimed that the Cherokee land rightfully belonged to the state, based on an 1802 deal with the U.S. government to give it some of the state's western territory in … The Trail of Tears Roll is the name given by researchers to two different lists, both individually important, which provide an early glimpse into the Cherokees who went west in the early 1830’s. Thousands of Cherokee perished during the forced relocation, which has become known as the Trail of Tears. The trail commemorates the forced removal of Cherokee from their homelands; the paths that 17 Cherokee detachments followed westward; and the revival of the Cherokee Nation. Its western boundary abutted the present-day Alabama state line and its northern boundary formed the Tennessee state line. This Roll is also called the Trail of Tears Roll. It was taken in the months leading up to the conclusion of the Treaty of New Echota in December 1835. Georgia’s Trail of Tears 3 The Cherokee Nation in Georgia An Overview In the late spring of 1836, when the U.S. Senate ratified the Treaty of New Echota, the Cherokee Nation in Georgia covered more than 6,000 square miles. The Henderson Roll or Rolls of 1835 is a listing of 16,000 Cherokees living in Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, & North Carolina to be removed to Oklahoma, per Treaty New Echota. Cherokee Removal from Georgia. . When Congress designated Trail of Tears National Historic Trail in 1987, it asked the National Park Service to help administer the trail.